August 18, 2017

Basic photography guide: the 23 key tips to start not to give shame with the photos

If you just bought or gave your first SLR camera, you have already launched to make hundreds of photographs. Of course, a better camera does not always imply better photos. So it is important that you know some key tips so your photos do not pay .

23 in total divided into different sections, from how to learn the basics about how your camera works to ideas so you do not make the usual pictures as always. So I hope this basic photography guides is of your use.

First steps with your camera: shutter, aperture and ISO values

Advanced cameras, no matter whether it is a compact, SLR camera or camera with interchangeable lenses, offer manual controls. That means you can modify different parameters to achieve the expected result in different situations.

Of all the adjustments you can make, there are three that are key and you must know how they affect the final photo: shutter, aperture and ISO values.

  • The shutter,  or also known as the shutter speed, is the time that the diaphragm remains open. This means that, more time, more light will capture and therefore more information will have the sensor to process the image. Of course, an excess of time in certain conditions can end up with a completely exposed photo or, as it is normally known, burned. In addition, if you photograph moving objects you will get a wake that will mark that movement.
  • Aperture refers to how much you open the diaphragm, that part of the lens that allows more or less light. Its value is designated by the letter F and, at a smaller value, the greater the opening and vice versa (the larger the value, the smaller the opening). This value is also related to the depth of field: one aperture F1.8 will have a smaller depth of field than another F22.
  • The ISO values are the last important concept to know and refer to the sensitivity to light of the sensor. When the ISO increases, you make it easier for the sensor to pick up more light, although care must be taken not to abuse it and generate an aesthetic noise.

These three parameters are related to each other and the variation of one affects the other two. Therefore, we must always seek a balance and that the established values ​​form an equilateral triangle as perfect as possible.

AT THE BEGINNING SHOOTS IN AUTOMATIC

If you are starting to operate a camera with manual controls, be quiet, do not rush. When you go out to take photos do not be afraid to shoot in automatic . You can make quality photos but above all, they will serve you to learn.

When you get home open those photos in your photo editor and check the settings that the camera set automatically. You will see what aperture you have to use when you shoot with a certain shutter speed or shutter speed. It is the same with ISO values ​​according to the lighting conditions of the scene.

Of course, never forget this option. You can be an expert photographer and continue to use the automatic mode as there will be scenes or situations in which only by resorting to that mode you can capture that precise moment.

DA EL SALTO TO SEMIAUTOMATIC MODES

Next to the automatic and manual mode you will see that there are two modes: priority to the aperture and priority to the shutter . In both, depending on which you have selected, you can modify a value and the camera will be in charge of choosing the most suitable of the remaining.

That is, if you set an aperture F2.8 the camera will calculate the shooting speed and the appropriate ISO values ​​to get a quality photo.

Again, when you get home or even while doing the photos see what combinations the camera does to learn.

MAINTAINING THE MANUAL MODE

Mastering the manual mode is not complicated, but it takes time . So that your first photos are not a practical disaster at home or outdoors with immobile objects. And, of course, do not be in a hurry.

This way you will learn how it works and you will not be overwhelmed if the first few days do not achieve the desired results.

KNOW YOUR CAMERA

To efficiently carry out all this, it is important that you know your camera . Knowing what maximum aperture offers, shooting speed, ISO, … and, of course, where each option is, is vital to maximize the photographic capabilities of your computer.

The current cameras offer very intuitive menus, although you can always consult the users manual to clarify or look for something in particular.

SHOOT ON RAW

Jpeg is the most popular image format, a file that, using a compression algorithm, allows you to store a large amount of data in a small space. The problem is that in order to do that, you discard information that you do not think necessary.

If the photo is already the final version is fine, but if you need to do a retouch to later, then better shoot the RAW format , a format that would be the negative equivalent of analog cameras and in which all raw information is retained Captured by the sensor.

So, change the settings and shoot in RAW. That way you can edit later and make more precise corrections of color, raise details of the shadows and practically recover areas more exposed or give a turn to your photos of how they were captured to how they finish.

ADVERSE SHOOTING MODE

Digital cameras allow shooting in burst mode . That is, you can shoot a sequence of 3, 6 or more photos in a row without lifting your finger from the shutter release. A capacity that varies according to the camera but allows you the ability to capture the precise moment of the action that occurs in front of you.

Imagine the passing of a motorcycle by the finish line, a race or a jump. Shooting in burst will generate a sequence of images that you can then choose the one you like the most.

DO NOT USE THE FLASH OF YOUR CAMERA

The advantage of having higher quality sensors and manual controls is that you can afford not to use the flash of your camera. What’s more, I advise you not to use it.

The integrated flash in the cameras projects the light always facing the object or subject that we are going to photograph. That is a problem because it generates a light too strong that collides with the natural light of the scene, causes red eyes, etc.

Improve your team to improve your results

 

 

 

 

 

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